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Fifth Republic

  • Posted on January 16, 2014 at 9:11 am

The Parliament can appoint governments, although it has nothing to do with the head of State. Since he appoints the Government (the Prime Minister and his Cabinet) also has the power to dismiss him, i.e., you can censor it. This and other ways (such as explanations and justification of acts of Government) exist, as in parliamentary systems, mechanisms of control between Parliament and Government; the latter is subject to surveillance and permanent control of the parliamentary majority which emerged. This majority can arise from a single party or a coalition of parties. In general, the French legislative majorities arise from coalitions of parties, right or left. The organisational, social and political force that parties were developing in this system became factors in the improvement of institutions. Political institutions and parties began to have an interaction that transformed them into complementary and mutually dependent dimensions. Parliament can set up and operate without the parties nor the Presidency of the Republic instituted cannot operate if it is not backed by a political organization that gives you social sustenance and serves as a support in the development of government programs, Thus, the Fifth Republic is not confined only to the institutional design, your understanding is more complete when integrating political parties, appearing as the engine of institutional set-up.

The semi-presidential system has the advantage that preserves an element of stability in the figure of the President of the Republic who serves as head of State. It also allows exercising political control over the Government and integrate the powers of the Executive and the parliamentary majority. It has mechanisms to demand political responsibility outside the electoral period and with them strengthens the concept of democracy as limited power exercise. It incorporates some of the flexibility of the parliamentary system without giving up to the popular election of the President. 6 Disadvantages.-in this system the division of powers has one greater degree of complexity than in the past, because the Executive and the legislature are both separate and together.