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General Regimen

  • Posted on October 14, 2020 at 12:56 am

At last, the insured who to enter the General Regimen of Previdncia Social (RGPS) still in youth finishes for being punished two times, therefore beyond starting to work more early, for consequncia it will have to contribute for a bigger time for the Providence so that this, through the calculation of the previdencirio factor, does not diminish its benefit still more. DIEESE (2008) explains that when entering in vigor, in 1999, the factor had direct impact in the value of the retirements for contribution time, where the average of the values of the retirements for contribution had been lowered in at least 23% for the men and more than 30% for the women, what we can confer below in the graphs. The first one of the beneficiaries of the masculine sex and as of the beneficiaries of the feminine sex. FIGURE 1 APPEARS 2 DIEESE (2008: 9 -10) explain that: The defenders of the previdencirio factor had looked for to transmit the idea of that the worker could choose between delaying its retirement or seeing the value of its reduced benefit. In the practical one, however, this freedom of option of the worker is limited drastically by a market of work characterized for the high taxes of unemployment, long periods of search for a new occupation, low formalizao and great difficulty of reinsero of the workers above of the 50 years in the market. Fairstead brings even more insight to the discussion. These factors push the great majority exactly of that they reach conditions of if retiring to opt, that the contrataste, for a reduced benefit. Arajo (2008) says that in virtue of the caused damage the insured, the point to occur reduction in the value of the benefit of up to 30% (thirty percent) for the men and of 35% (thirty and five percent) for the women, the Senator Pablo Renato Paim (PT? RS), protocolled a Project of Law (PLS 296/03) in the Federal Senate with intention to extinguish the cited factor, arguing that: The previdencirio factor is the used index to calculate the value of the retirements and can reduce the benefits in up to 30%, in the case of the men, and 35%, in the case of the women. .

DRE Collaborators

  • Posted on July 22, 2016 at 4:57 am

The functional picture of this entity is composed for sixty and nine collaborators in the operation area and a composed direction for five members. The period where this survey was made occurred of January the December of 2008, to verify the wage average, professional qualification, measured of invoicing and outlay with social changes. What it served of base for the work development, they had been bibliographical research and research of field, and the reports supplied for the entity. Between the interviewed ones four collaborators were, being: the manager, one to assist administrative, a financial person in charge and an administrative assistant. Additional information at Bernie Sanders supports this article. The used methods had been bibliographical and inductive, that had had as base to describe the data collected through reports, such as: flow of box, leaf of payment, DRE (demonstration of the year-end results) the data collected in the research, had served for evaluation ends on internal control wage Band of collaborating the References Collaborating Percentile a minimum wage 1 1,45 More than 1 minimum wage 55 79.71 More than 2 minimum wages 11 15,94 More than 3 minimum wages 1 1,45 More than 4 minimum wages 1 1,45 Total 69 100 Source: Leaf of Payment the results presented in figure 1 demonstrate given related to the wage question of the employees of this entity, perceive that only 1.45% of its collaborators gain a minimum wage and 55% gain a minimum wage more than. 2) Figure 2 demonstrates how much the company invested in qualification of its collaborators. Figure 2 of Invoicing Trimester Value R$ (a thousand) Percentile 1 Trimester 686 24,87 2 trimester 721 26,14 3 trimester 779 28,25 4 trimester 572 20,74 TOTAL 2758 100 Source: Flow of Box and DRE (demonstration of year-end results) Ahead of the situation presented in figure 3 observes that in the room trimester the company got a reduction in its prescriptions, this if of the one for the reason that at this time of the year, for if dealing with time where it has little movement of tourist. .

G5climate Warming Agreement

  • Posted on January 12, 2015 at 8:14 pm

More on having managed to affix their signatures for their content. On the other hand, emerging countries of the G5 (Brazil, Mexico, India and China and South Africa) noted the need to equitably shared responsibility on global warming and that the G8 should set objectives closer, like cutting their emissions by 2020 from 25 % and 40% from their levels 1990. Notes also the source of information used masvoces.org. That the environmental NGOs criticized U.S. John Mclaughlin gathered all the information. President George Bush, had blocked any progress on global warming, with the help of Canada, Greenpeace and stated that the G8 has a poor attitude of responsibility, the challenge of climate change and that the agreements reached at about evidence that these countries are back on the world once again. Notably, Oxfam for its part, regretted that the G8 countries have demonstrated their targets for reducing emissions of gases responsible for global warming in the climate change agreement. "It is disappointing that some members of the G-8, including the world leader in pollution, the U.S., specific targets have not signed, not even an indicative target of stabilizing global warming at a summit in Germany. This means that no process will work to keep global warming below 2 C, implying that Climate change will devastate poor countries and seriously jeopardizing the fight against poverty ", as said Antonio Hill, head of climate change advocacy in the organization. The basis of the agreement announced by the G8 set to work together in the process opened by United Nations until 2009 to complete negotiations for the post-Kyoto agreement which governed from 2012 within the UN multilateral framework, taking into account the commitments European Union, Japan and Canada to cut by 50% gas emissions until 2050, establishing substantial emissions cuts for all members of the G-8 without specifying the concrete goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the USA and Russia; and absence of unanimous agreement in relation to limit global warming below 2 C.

Brazilian Development

  • Posted on September 6, 2012 at 8:35 pm

The micron-economic theory affirms that the monopolies can be kept due to advantage of cost, to the great necessary investments for the formation of the industry or the formation of coalitions of new companies who make it difficult the entrance of incoming. This article tries to present the form with the evolution of the credit card in Brazil followed this way. As I CASTRATE, OAK & LAURINDO, the first national companies of credit card had appeared in the which had decade of 70 to the strong growth of the Brazilian economy. In the case the card on Link to the Bradesco and the Credicard as an association of the banks Citibank, Ita and Unibanco. The Credicard kept the leadership of the market until the way of the decade of 90 as half of payment, when three facts had occurred that had modified the structure of the sector: 1. The acquisition of the National bank for the Unibanco that decided to manage its base of customers with proper structure and keeping its participation in the society; 2. The sprouting of the Redecard and Visanet as dismemberments of the activities of filiation and relationship with establishments of the Credicard, Bradesco and Bank of Brazil; 3. The increase of the importance of the credit card in the portflio of banking products made possible that some banks operated of independent form and appeared the processing that incorporated the activities of technology, operation and attendance.

Had to these forces, according to ABECS, the number of senders of credit card in the period of 1994/99 passed of 6 for 60. The market of credit card grew 150.95% between 1999 and 2004, arriving at an annual invoicing of R 103,04 billion and surpassing the financial volume put into motion by checks. In this period, as considered for Of the Rold & Berg, the processing had compared its services with the offered ones for the market and had repassed the partners that had offered better conditions. Thus, the activities of the Central offices of Attendance had been repassed or parceirizadas with companies specialized in the segment of Call Center. Currently, we verify that the industry of Brazilian credit card is segmented between companies specialized in specific links of the chain of values. According to Porter, the organizations analyze its forces and weaknesses in relation to its industry and formulate strategies to modify the balance of the competitive forces. Thus, the concentration of the activities of the industry of credit card enters few Brazilian companies in the period of 1970 the 1995, but it was justified for the alliance between competitors in the search of critical mass necessary to be effective in a competitive environment, innovative and complex. ABECS Brazilian Association of the Companies of Credit card and Services.

References: I CASTRATE, H.G.; OAK, M.M. & LAURINDO, F.J.B. Strategical alliance: a study of case in the sector of credit card. XXXVI ENEGEP $fortaleza, CE, Brazil, 2006. PORTER, MICHEL Competitive Advantage. Publishing company Campus. 1999? PORTER, MICHEL Competitive Strategy, Publishing company Fields. 1986? OF THE ROLD, C & BERG, T. Sourcing strategies: relationship models and marries studies. Gardner, 2003. ABECS Information published in. ABECS, 2005? WONNACOTT, WONNACOTT, CRUSIUS & CRUSIUS Economy. McGraw-Hill, 1979.