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French Revolution

  • Posted on August 7, 2013 at 8:25 pm

Rousseau, philosopher and French politician, characterized by individualism. It belongs to the encyclopedistes current in 18th century. His ideas were picked up by the French Revolution, and incorporated into the Declaration of rights of the citizen. His most important works were: the new Eloisa (of literary character), holds the principle that sentiment outperforms the intelligence as a factor of performance within a social group. Emilio (treatise on education) has the contraposition of the natural goodness of man against the degeneration of culture as a fundamental issue. He argues that man is born good and society becomes bad.

Sociological point of view: to Rousseau the natural is the most important (natural state of man), when the man joins in society is limiting. All have agreed to let their freedoms into the hands of a Government that they directed them. Novelist contains valuable tech resources. It raises the conflict between nature and society. Develops in three works: 1) in two speeches (pronounced in the Academy of Lyon (France), 2) the origin of the inequality of men and 3) the social contract. Maiden speech: affirms the strange thesis that science and arts are source of the moral decay of the human being, causing a blind life. To it he formulates solutions; He said returning to a natural life.

He argues that primitive man had limited needs, few elements, but lived in a State of happiness. According to him, the man is a sociable being. While it kept that balance between human needs and natural resources, the man lived happy. When that balance is broken, that individual seeks the support of other men, this is the first step for the social contract according to Rousseau; It suggests a new world, the social world. Cope with this new world we must find a formula that attempts to that primitive State. For him there is a way to avoid the dangers of the social world, and this is determined by the Social contract. The contract social means that all persons who are members of the group, expose all their goods. Under that basis, it is possible to form a collective, impersonal force which he called the general will. It is wrapped up in the form of a ruling in accordance with the laws. Of Rousseau social contributions are:-the principle that human nature is good and that society corrupts it. Here you will find quality items for the care of the body, mind and spirit; In addition to other sections such as: sports, entertainment, computing, health and more. Original author and source of the article.